Pedagogy of the Oppressed, by Paulo Friere, is essential in proposing a pedagogy with a new relationship between teacher, student and society. It is aimed directly at the so called ‘oppressed’, and delves into detail about the link between the ‘oppressed’ and the ‘oppressors’.
In Chapter One, the idea of humanization is perpetuated greatly. Friere firmly believes that we must show qualities of freedom, integrity and understanding to not only ourselves, but to others, in order to recognize this concept of humanization and allow it to benefit our society. Not only must we try to implement elements of humanization in order to allow society to thrive, but we must acknowledge the presence of dehumanization. When dehumanization has occurred, a person’s humanity has been stolen and this lead to the individual becoming oppressed. An individual Friere argues can also become dehumanized through taking the humanity of another person and refusing to treat them like a real person but instead a mere object. Friere also delves into the detail about the Oppressor’s ability to ignore the Oppressed because they believe they have gotten themselves into that particular situation due to them for instance being ‘lazy’ or ‘ungrateful’, either in general or to the generous overtures offered by the elitist class. The delicate balance between a member of either the Oppressed or Oppressor is conveyed. To restore the humanity of both of them, the Oppressed must try their best to fight to change their situation, but must attempt not to become oppressors in the process.