One theme that stood out to me in Vertov’s manifesto was his constant reiteration not only that cinema can reveal more than the human eye but also that filmmakers have the ability to perfect the image. Vertov states “1. Kin-eye, challenging the human eye’s visual representation of the world and offering its own “I see,” and 2. the kinok-editor, organizing the minutes of the life-structure seen this way for the first time.” Thinking about Man With A Movie Camera as one of the canonical documentaries in cinema, I think that Vertov is really in dialogue with the conversation we had the other day about documentary bias. Not only does Vertov acknowledge the editor’s and director’s hand in making a documentary, he expands that idea to say that their artistry is what prescribes meaning to the film. Coming from that perspective, every film is biased as long as the editor is doing their job correctly. As we saw with the Kuleshov editing experiment, images have different meaning in different order. Through cinema and through the ordering images, Vertov thinks that viewers can discover new things about the world. If film is to be be used as a tool for education–as Vertov asserts it should be–filmmakers have an obligation to be biased in order to share new ideas.

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